Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action
The Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action (MPGCA) organised a six-day programme aimed at scaling up climate action by non-Party stakeholders which started on 10 November and was finalised on 15 November. The events were structured around the seven thematic areas of the Partnership (energy, industries, transport, land use, water, oceans and coastal zones, and human settlements) and divided into thematic days, taking place between 10 and 12 November, and high-level days on 13 and 14 November.
The events for the human settlements theme, including an event jointly organised by the nrg4SD and CDP, were taking place on Saturday, 11 November. This thematic day aimed to make recommendations on mitigation and adaptation, highlighted progress and promising initiatives, outlined how the different actors within the human settlements theme can contribute to implement the Paris Agreement, and promoted actions and commitments from different sectors.
The high-level day on Monday, 13 November was dedicated to SDG 11 and consisted of different high-level roundtables organised by members of the human settlements content group, including the nrg4SD, showing how the engagement of human settlement stakeholders have shifted into an implementation phase since the adoption of the Paris Agreement and SDG 11.
The programme of the MPGCA was finalised at the high-level closing event on 15 November. The event highlighted the most relevant outcomes of the climate action events at COP 23 and included the launch of the Yearbook of Global Climate Action 2017. The first Yearbook of the Marrakech Partnership provides an overview of action in the GCA thematic areas, highlighting the achievements made under the Marrakech Partnership and spotlights how pre-2020 ambition can be accelerated.
Climate Summit of Local and Regional Leaders
On Saturday, 12 November, the Climate Summit of Local and Regional Leaders took place. The Summit brought together over 330 local and regional leaders, as well as more than 1000 delegates and was the first Summit of Local and Regional Leaders that was held on the premises of the UNFCCC. Speakers from the local and regional level highlighted the key role of their governments in climate action and showcased possibilities of how to advance multi-level governance and cooperation with the private sector. The day-long event composed five different sessions on topics such as the integration of climate and sustainability, community engagement, and transboundary climate action. nrg4SD Co-Chair for the South, Maria Cecilia Alvarado from Azuay, and nrg4SD Vice-Chair for Africa, Didier Robert from Reunion Island spoke on behalf of their regions and nrg4SD about their commitment to climate action. They highlighted the different initiatives of nrg4SD, like the RegionsAdapt, as well as presented the common position paper developed as the outcome of the International Conference on Climate Change Adaptation held in October this year. The local and regional leaders then adopted the Bonn-Fiji Commitment of Local and Regional Leaders to Deliver the Paris Agreement at All Levels, a pledge contributed and supported by nrg4SD, that signals their commitment to bring forward a critical shift in global development. The document includes commitments, ambitions and actions of local and regional governments in the fight against climate change and for resilient territories, calls to the Parties of the UNFCCC with relation to their NDCs and the global climate architecture, as well as 20 concrete and joint initiatives, including RegionsAdapt.
nrg4SD activities at COP 23
nrg4SD and RegionsAdapt members had the chance to share their position and achievements through multiple events organised, co-organised and supported by nrg4SD:
Saturday, 11 November, started with the event “Multi-level governance – An opportunity for effective climate change adaptation” jointly organised by nrg4SD and CDP. The event was part of the Marrakech Partnership’s Human Settlements Thematic Day and brought together representatives from the local and regional level, including Jalisco, Rabat-Salé-Kenitra and Saint Louis, to discuss the role of multi-level governance in driving climate adaptation and how climate data is vital to achieve effective adaptation.
In the afternoon, nrg4SD and RegionsAdapt member regions came together at the Energies2050 Pavilion to discuss “How subnational governments accelerate action in climate adaptation.” Representatives from the Basque Country, Rio Grande do Sul and South Australia shared their adaptation efforts and successes, as well as their fruitful work within the RegionsAdapt initiative.
Monday, 13 November, was a packed day for nrg4SD members:
The day started with the official side event “Implementing NDCs: Planning and coordination at the regional, national and sub national level” co-organised by nrg4SD together with the South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme and Pakistan. Representatives from national and regional governments, including Wales and Jalisco, showcased their efforts in NDC planning and implementation. They highlighted the role of alignment between national and subnational governments for an effective NDC process, as well as the importance of global and regional cooperation, as well as transnational initiatives and organisations in order to raise ambition on climate action.
In the following event, a selective group of nrg4SD members announced their participation in the BreatheLife Campaign. The panel was organised by UN Environment and nrg4SD to celebrate the 10 regional governments across the world that joined the BreatheLife Campaign: Azuay, Basque Country, Campeche, Catalonia, Chaco, Gossas, Jalisco, Lombardy, Plateau and Valle de Aburrá.
The announcement counted with the presence of regional leaders from Azuay, the Basque Country and Jalisco together with Ibrahim Thiaw, UN Environment’s Deputy Executive Director, and Dr. Maria Neira, Director of Public Health and Environment at the World Health Organisation (WHO) and Natalia Vera from the nrg4SD Secretariat. Lombardia and Catalonia also maked their presence at the technical level. At the end of the event, the five regions left their messages on a signing wall, declaring their commitment to the campaign and its goals.
The announcement event was followed by the panel discussion “Innovative Solutions for the International Clean Air Crisis.” Representatives from Catalonia and Jalisco discussed together with private sector on how to overcome the health and economic risks of air pollution with effective national, regional and local government policies.
In the afternoon, the high-level roundtable on SDG 11 “Implementing the Paris Agreement: The role of regions and cities in resilience and adaptation” was convened as part of the Marrakech High-level Day on Finance, and SDG 11 and Climate Action. Organised together by nrg4SD and ICLEI, the discussion was focused on solutions and challenges for regions and cities in the implementation of SDG 11.b. Azuay and the Basque Country together with other participants discussed how cities and regions can become more resilient facing the increasing impacts of climate change. They presented solutions on how effective disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation programming can be facilitated in their territories, as well as interlinkages across different sectors, like energy, water, food, disaster risk reduction or adaptation and mitigation.
On 14 November, the IUCN organised the event “Nature based solutions for a climate resilient Europe” with participation of Wales and the nrg4SD Secretariat, national and local leaders, the EU Commission’s DG Climate Action, NGO and business representatives. They discussed how healthy, well-functioning ecosystems can improve the resilience of nature and society, while at the same time having a high return on investment rate. The event highlighted the opportunities offered by nature based solutions and how they can help Europe to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
The following day, 15 November, saw the last event of nrg4SD at the COP 23 with the topic “Adaptation under the Paris Agreement: The potential of regional governments.” Representatives from California, Catalonia, Chaco, the Council of Governors from Kenya, Quebec and Rio Grande do Sul highlighted the potential of regional governments towards efficient and coherent climate change adaptation. They shared successful experiences and challenges regarding their adaptation strategies and plans, as well as their work within international networks and initiatives, like RegionsAdapt.
More information about the Conference and the commitments achieved during these two weeks, as well as the nrg4SD activities at COP 23 can be found in our Wrap Up Edition of COP 23.