Compact of States and Regions

The Compact of States and Regions is the first dedicated reporting mechanism for states, provinces and regions, showcasing and analysing their climate efforts. Through an annual assessment, it provides a transparent, global picture of efforts to tackle climate change from state and regional governments allowing these governments to measure their emissions and set ambitious reduction goals.

The first Compact of States and Regions disclosure report was released at the 21st Conference of Parties to the UNFCCCC (COP21) in Paris, December 2015.

[Read the first-ever Compact Disclosure report here]

[See our infographic to explore the new data]

As a critical part of the post-Paris agenda of action by Non-State Actors, all state and regional governments are invited to join the Compact and begin reporting in 2016. The 2016 Compact reporting deadline will be announced soon.  State, provincial and regional governments are welcome to signal their intent to start reporting in 2016.

The Compact of States and Regions currently has the support of 44 governments together representing 325 million people and over US$10.5 trillion in GDP – one eighth of the global economy.

While limiting temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius is a global challenge requiring global governance, state and regional governments are racing ahead in setting ambitious GHG reduction goals – with potentially huge impacts.

Governments reporting to the Compact of States and Regions currently represent 2.81GtCO2e in annual emissions. Through their reported GHG emissions reduction commitments, we estimate total cumulative savingsof:

  • 3 GtCO2e by 2020 (relative to ‘business as usual), which is more than the combined annual GHG emissions of the UK, Germany and Japan in 2012;
  • 12.4 GtCO2e by 2030 (relative to ‘business as usual), more than the combined GHG emissions of the US and EU, or China alone in 2012; and
  • 47.4 GtCO2e by 2050 (relative to ‘business as usual), equalling world GHG emissions in 2012.

In addition to these cumulative emissions savings, by 2050 Compact governments from both developed and developing nations will have reduced their collective emissions by almost 55% in absolute terms. The report also revealed both near and long term goals, with almost half of reporting governments having already set 2050 goals. A majority of these aim for reductions of more than 70% below base-year emissions.

The Compact commitments are also included in the Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action (NAZCA) platform, the online tool developed by the United Nations with the governments of France and Peru for COP21. Through NAZCA, businesses, cities, regions and investors have already showcased over 10,000 climate initiatives.

The Compact of States and Regions will be a mechanismfor governments to report climate data going beyond COP21 – ensuring that they continue to accurately report against their climate targets with reliable, publicly available data.

The Compact of States and Regions is a partnership between The Climate Group, nrg4SD, CDPR20 and supported by the UN, Climate-KIC, Center for the New Energy Economy (CNEE), ICLEI and ENCORE.

“The actions of state and regional governments are essential for achieving the new 2030 sustainable development agenda. They are close to their citizens and are uniquely placed to work with national and local governments to amplify the efforts that are needed to reduce emissions and build climate resilience.” – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

How it works

[See our infographic to explore how it works]

Using aggregated data, the Compact showcases overall GHG reduction contributions made by sub-national governments around the world. Then each year, disclosure and assessment of progress toward those commitments will take place through GHG inventory data.

Importantly, the Compact will support the new Paris Agreement and global climate governance by providing a clear and accurate picture of sub-national government contributions through reliable and publically available data. The Compact partners’ believe all state and regional governments – considering their different capabilities and circumstances – should measure GHG emissions and set ambitious reduction goals, because these are the pillars of a robust climate strategy.

By acting locally, the Compact proves that state and regional governments are global climate leaders. And this action is increasingly being recognized, particularly following the launch of the UNFCCC NAZCA platform (Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action) at COP20 in Lima – which the Compact will supply data to.

To find out more contact Jean-Charles Seghers, Compact of States and Regions Manager, The Climate Group.

Join now

By reporting to the Compact of States and Regions, governments are leading the way to a more transparent and collaborative approach to climate action. Together, they are ensuring a prosperous, resilient, low carbon future for all. The Compact partners invite state and regional governments from around the world to join this important initiative.

To join the Compact, governments must:

  1. make a public commitment[a] to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and
  2. publicly report a standard set of greenhouse gas inventory data on an annual basis.

To become an observer to the Compact, governments must:

  1. make a public commitment to adopt a greenhouse gas emissions target within two years; and
  2. commit to report inventory data within two years, while reporting existing data until that time.

Governments without existing GHG reduction targets and inventories can “observe” the Compact by stating their intent to develop a GHG target and inventory within two years. They are also encouraged to submit existing data to a recognized reporting platform on an annual basis, to build the capacity needed to eventually develop an inventory. Disclosure and assessment of progress will take place each year through an annual disclosure report.

To signal intent to start reporting in 2016 please contact Jean-Charles Seghers, Compact of States and Regions Manager, The Climate Group.

CDP’s states and regions platform is specifically designed for state and regional governments. The online platform presents questions relating to both the Compact of States and Regions and other related data, which governments must provide annually. The Compact will also work with other existing reporting platforms such as the carbonn Climate Registry to include the data in its assessments.

The Compact is an open platform, welcoming participation from all state and regional governments, irrespective of their current or future association with the Compact partners.

To find out more about the Compact of States & Regions or to support us as a partner, please contact Jean-Charles Seghers, Compact of States and Regions Manager, The Climate Group.

[a] Includes targets that have already been adopted. This commitment includes the following types of target: base year emissions goals, fixed-level goals, base year intensity goals, and baseline scenario goals. More information on these types of target can be found in Chapter 2 of the GHG Protocol Mitigation Goal Standard report that provides guidance for designing national and subnational mitigation goals, and a standardized approach for assessing and reporting progress toward goal achievement.


State and regional governments have a critical role to play in addressing global climate change. They have authority over key aspects of climate policy including energy, transportation and the built environment.

Forward-thinking governments recognize that measurement, management and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change data is of growing importance. This is because reporting helps them better understand the risks and opportunities of climate change and increase the impact of their actions, both within and beyond state borders.

By reporting to the Compact, governments:

  1. feature in the first-ever emissions disclosure report from sub-national government to be presented at COP21
  2. ensure their climate commitments are backed by reliable, publicly available data;
  3. demonstrate to funders, companies, investors, other governments and the international community that they’re leading on climate change;
  4. identify risks and cost saving opportunities through the process of reporting;
  5. optimize management of environmental information by gathering it in one location;
  6. exchange and learn from fellow governments that have reported to the Compact and/or signed the Under 2 MOU;
  7. showcase climate ambition on the UNFCCC NAZCA platform.

“We recognize that the challenge of climate change is also an opportunity for our state, and we want to ensure a prosperous, sustainable economy and future for our citizens. That is why we have reported our targets to the Compact of States and Regions; a platform that can now allow us to accurately and publicly report climate data against our own commitments.” Jay Weatherill, Premier, South Australia

To find out more about the Compact of States & Regions or to support us as a partner, please contact Jean-Charles Seghers, Compact of States and Regions Manager, The Climate Group.


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