COP 23 – Highlights for subnational governments from the negotiations

Further, faster, together – the 2017 UNFCCC Climate Change Conference in Bonn

From 6 to 17 November the UN Climate Change Conference under the Presidency of Fiji took place, hosted by the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn. The Conference included sessions of the Conference of the Parties (COP 23); the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 13); the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1.2); as well as the three Subsidiary Bodies (SBI 47, SBSTA 47, APA 1.4). The goals for the conference were to further advance on the Paris Agreement work programme before its finalisation next year at COP 24, to provide clarity on how the Facilitative dialogue will be conducted, as well as moving forward to fulfil pre-2020 commitments and bridge between the pre- and post-2020 eras.

Highlights for subnational governments from the negotiations

Fiji Momentum for Implementation

The negotiations officially concluded on early Saturday morning with 31 decisions adopted in total, 24 under the COP and seven under the CMP. The outcome document of the conference, the “Fiji Momentum for Implementation,” contains three main areas: 1) the Paris Agreement Work Programme, 2) the Talanoa Dialogue (the name for the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue), and 3) Pre-2020 implementation and action.

The Talanoa Dialogue was launched and will start in January 2018. It will consist of a preparatory and a political phase and will give answers to the following questions:

  • Where are we?
  • Where do we want to go?
  • How do we get there?

The preparatory phase will start in January 2018 and will end at COP 24. Parties and non-Party stakeholders are invited to cooperate in convening local, national, regional or global events in support of the dialogue and to prepare and make available relevant inputs. The May discussions will be used to explore the three central topics informed by inputs by various actors and institutions, including from the Technical Examination Process and Global Climate Action, with the support of the high-level champions.

Regarding the pre-2020 implementation and ambition, the COP requests enhanced effort in order to advance the ratification of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, and launches a call for submissions on the pre-2020 implementation and ambition input. It further establishes two stocktake mechanisms at COP 24 and COP 25 gathering input from the following sources:

Stocktake at COP 24

  • Input by the COP, CMP, SBSTA, SBI, constituted bodies, and the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism
  • Pre-2020 mitigation efforts and provision of support
  • Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action (MPGCA) outcomes, including the Summary for Policymakers of the Technical Examination Processes and the Yearbook.

Stocktake at COP 25

  • Input by the COP, CMP, SBSTA, SBI, constituted bodies, and the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism
  • Outcomes of the 2018 high-level ministerial dialogue on climate finance, Talanoa Dialogue, and the Stocktake at COP 24
  • MPGCA outcomes, including the Summary for Policymakers of the Technical Examination Processes and the Yearbook

As can be seen from the COP (draft) decision, non-Party stakeholders are seen as important actors, especially within the Talanoa Dialogue and the two stocktakes at COP 24 and 25 through the Marrakech Partnership, its Yearbook and the Technical Examination Processes.

Open Dialogue between Parties and Non-Party Stakeholders

The crucial role of non-Party stakeholders was also underlined in the Open Dialogue between Parties and Non-Party Stakeholders convened by the COP 23 Presidency. Almost 50 Parties and numerous non-Party stakeholders, including environmental organizations, business and private sector, trade unions, youth, women, indigenous peoples, local governments, farmers and research institutions took part in the dialogue to discuss in two sessions on 1) the NDC enhancement and implementation; and 2) Enhancing observer access and participation. The crucial role of non-Party stakeholders in supporting effective implementation, strengthening domestic enabling environments and providing analytical inputs to identify new opportunities for mitigation and adaptation action, both at the NDC level and through greater participation in the UNFCCC process, was evident from the discussions.

The Fijian Presidency released a report on the dialogue with recommendation on the two topics discussed, including the presence of non-Party stakeholders in the NDCs development and implementation, access to and participation of non-Party stakeholders in formal meetings, encourage direct communication between admitted observers and individual Parties through bilateral meetings and the enhanced engagement of non-Party stakeholders in the Talanoa Dialogue.

11th Focal Point Forum of the Nairobi Work Programme

The 11th Focal Point Forum of the Nairobi Work Programme further provided an opportunity for subnational governments and their networks, as well as NWP partner organizations, Parties and other relevant organizations to share information and facilitate collaboration and partnerships focused on the topic of human settlements and adaptation. The Forum provided key findings drawn from the call for submissions to which nrg4SD and some of its member regions contributed earlier this year. In parallel focus groups participants discussed different issues, such as how to assess climate vulnerability, the role of national governments in supporting local adaptation and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). The UNFCCC secretariat will compile a detailed synthesis paper containing the key findings from the submissions and the forum discussions that will be presented during the May sessions in 2018.

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