From 7 to 10 March 2017 nrg4SD participated in the eleventh meeting Adaptation Committee (AC) in its role as observer organisation to the UNFCCC. The meeting took place in Bonn, Germany, back to back with the 15th meeting of the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) and the 31st meeting of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG). This is very much owed to the fact coherence of the work under the Convention is key to climate action, and that adaptation to climate change is especially important in least developed countries where vulnerability is high but capacities are limited. During the four days of the AC meeting, a whole day was dedicated to the joint meeting with the LEG. Participants discussed the joint mandates stemming from decision 1/CP21 (Adoption of the Paris Agreement). The Conference of the Parties (COP) at its twenty-first session requested the following tasks be undertaken and recommendations be provided for the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session (CMA 1):
- AC and LEG: To jointly develop modalities to recognize the adaptation efforts of developing country Parties as referred to in Article 7.3 of the Paris Agreement
- AC and LEG, in collaboration with SFC and others: To develop methodologies on taking the necessary steps to facilitate the mobilization of support for adaptation in developing countries in the context of the limit to global average temperature increase referred to in Article 2 of the Paris Agreement
- AC and LEG, in collaboration with SCF and others: Develop methodologies on reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support referred to in Article
The UNFCCC Secretariat prepared for each joint mandate a paper with general considerations of the mandate, as well as options of the modalities to be considered by the AC and the LEG and to agree on further refinements and next steps. The paper reflects past discussions of the AC and the LEG, a desk review undertaken by the Secretariat, submissions received on related mandates, and submission received from Parties and other stakeholders. nrg4SD contributed to the process by responding to the call for submission on this matter in September 2016 stressing the importance of recognising subnational governments under the Convention and providing space for their engagement and contributions.
On modalities to recognise adaptation efforts the AC recommended to combine three of the modalities originally proposed by the Secretariat: At the political level to have an annual event at CMA for high level recognition of adaptation efforts; at the practitioner level to showcase adaptation efforts in annual events, like the NAP Expo or the Adaptation Forum, to recognise efforts at the national and regional levels; and an output document, e.g. a compilation or synthesis report to highlight positive aspects of adaptation efforts with the possibility to be considered at the Global Stock Take (GST; Art. 14 of the Paris Agreement), but not leading to concrete conclusions or decisions.
Recommendations to the CMA for methodologies to facilitate the mobilisation of support included that these should reflect the principles of country drivenness, equity, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. The effective mobilisation of support in developing countries involves a multitude of complementary approaches, including international bilateral and multilateral public support, domestic public support and private sector support. The members of the AC articulated that action is needed at the national vis-à-vis the collective/international level, and that more detail is needed on how to mobilise support and how this support is being provided. Parties are invited to make use of available methodologies for mobilisation of support and to report on support provided and received through their adaptation communications and other reporting mechanisms.
Expert meetings could be organised by the SBI, SBSTA or AC and LEG in collaboration and others aligned with the 5-year cycle of the GST to review the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support, guided by methodological questions and informed by relevant information, including contained in the adaptation communications. Reports of the review could feed into the GST to include processes and systems, inputs and outputs, outcomes and demonstrable results, as well as impacts or long-term societal, economic or environmental consequences.
It was noted that the three joint mandates are interrelated and linkages between methodologies of the mandates could be established.
Other issues for the eleventh meeting of the Adaptation Committee included:
- Mapping of adaptation-relevant mandates to promote coherent adaptation action under the Convention.
- Review of adaptation-related institutional arrangements under the Convention in 2017: The AC noted that no new institutional arrangements are needed. The AC will review the overall progress made towards the achievement of the global goal on adaptation and guide the Nairobi Work Programme in servicing the work of other institutional arrangements.
- Methodologies for assessing adaptation needs with a view to assisting developing countries, without placing an undue burden on them: Further recommendations will be collected as input for a small expert meeting to be held at the margins of SB 46 in May.
- Work of the Adaptation Committee’s working group on the Technical Examination Process on Adaptation
- Report on the work of the Adaptation Committee Task Force on National Adaptation Plans
- Report on various approaches to adaptation, such as community-based and ecosystem-based adaptation, taking into account livelihoods and economic diversification: The report should provide an overview of different approaches to adaptation and relevant work under the Convention and the Paris Agreement. It should contain experiences, gaps and needs, lessons learned and good practices, as well as recommendation.
- Inventory of on-going work on monitoring and evaluation of adaptation.
- Provision of information on accessing funding from the Green Climate Fund for the process to formulate and implement national action plans: It is planned to hold a workshop to advance the understanding and overcome challenges relating to the establishment of National Implementing Entities and accessing the readiness programme for adaptation of the Green Climate Fund. Further, the AC agreed to prepare a periodic finance bulletin to inform stakeholders of the evolving policies and programmatic priorities of the GCF and other funds.
- Contribution of the private sector to adaptation.
- Adaptation Forum: Given the fact that there are currently nor resources available for the organisation, there will not be an Adaptation Forum in 2017.
- Joint in-session event by the AC and the LEG: A three-hour special event to be held during the Bonn Climate Conference in May 2017.
The next meeting of the Adaptation Committee will take place on 19 to 22 September 2017.
As part of the Cancun Adaptation Framework, Parties established the Adaptation Committee (AC) to promote the implementation of enhanced action on adaptation in a coherent manner under the Convention, inter alia, through the following functions:
- Providing technical support and guidance to the Parties;
- Sharing of relevant information, knowledge, experience and good practices;
- Promoting synergy and strengthening engagement with national, regional and international organizations, centres and networks;
- Providing information and recommendations, drawing on adaptation good practices, for consideration by the COP when providing guidance on means to incentivize the implementation of adaptation actions, including finance, technology and capacity-building;
- Considering information communicated by Parties on their monitoring and review of adaptation actions, support provided and received.