GDP per capita USD: 14.469
Rio De Janeiro intents to foster a transition towards a low carbon economy through various ways. The region has established rules for the state policy on climate change and sustainable development in 2010, which concern both climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. Rio Janeiro aims to reduce emissions from energy used in transport vehicles by 30% compared to 2010 by 2030. It also aims to reduce emissions by 30% compared to 2005 by 2030 through energy efficiency measures. The use of clean energy should moreover increase by 40% until 2030 on the basis of 2010 levels. The Rio Capital Energy Program, signed in 2011, aims to promote technological innovation, energy efficiency and environmental sustainability in Rio de Janeiro State. Regarding adaptation, Rio de Janeiro has recognised the need to improve its response to flood risk. Hence, in 2012 it established a Protection and Civil Defence National Plan which addresses prevention, mitigation, readiness, response and recovery actions with regards to flooding.
Rio 92, the key event for sustainable development in 1992, was hosted by the State of Rio de Janeiro. Similarly, Rio +20 was hosted by Rio de Janeiro with the goal of defining the sustainable development agenda for the future. The state has several programs and initiatives for the promotion of sustainable development in place. For example, the Project for Sustainable Rural Development RIO RURAL is in place to promote sustainable development in the rural sector, in collaboration with the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development.
Rio de Janeiro state is very engaged to preserve the Atlantic Forest in Brazil and to protect biodiversity by expanding state parks and conservation projects. The state does not only support municipalities in expanding conservation areas (Municipal Conservation Unit Support Program) but has also implemented a Forest Inventory and Atlantic Forest Conservation and Restoration Municipal Plans, which prescribes each municipality in a specific area of the state to have a plan for the Atlantic Forest outlining its conservation and restoration projects and biodiversity “corridors”.